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Activities Task 39

Hydrogen In Marine Applications 

Operating Agent:

Prof. Ingrid Schjølberg
Department of Marine Technology, NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Assistant Operating Agent:

Dr. Sepideh Jafarzadeh
Department of Marine Technology, NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Task (public) web address:
Term: 2017–2020
Purpose and Objectives: 

As the primary means of transportation, shipping contributes to emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), sulphur oxides (SOx) and nitrogen oxides (NOx). Various environmental regulations are imposed on shipping to reduce adverse health and environmental impacts of shipping. In addition, noise may have an effect on ocean life. Healthy oceans are one of the main challenges of the future.

There is a strong focus among policy makers, ship owners and other stakeholders to work towards safer, greener and smarter shipping. The IEA HIA Task 39 will support this work. The Overall goal for the task is to provide knowhow on the use of hydrogen and fuel cells in the maritime, evaluate concepts and initiate research and demonstration projects. This will be achieved by creating an exclusive network of suppliers of hydrogen and fuel cells, shipping companies, advisory and assurance and research institutions. The ambition is to contribute to research within the area, be a technology monitor for ongoing activities as well as contributing to a global regulatory framework. 


IEA-HIA Task 39 consists of four subtasks: (i) Technology Overview, (ii) New Concepts, (iii) Safety and Regulations, and (iv) Demonstration.

Subtask I: Technology Overview

Sub goals:
  • Investigate possibilities for use of hydrogen in maritime transport
  • Define system segments under investigation (short/deep sea, offshore)
  • Energy systems: fuel cells and battery
  • Impact on emissions
  • Peak power handling
  • Economic and business case analysis
  • Fuel supply logistics/infrastructure (harbour and onboard)

Subtask II: New Concepts

Sub goals:
  • Contribute to concept evaluation and identification of challenges and opportunities
  • New builds, design and impact
  • Autonomous vessels with fuel cell based propulsion
  • Retrofitting existing vessels with fuel cells
  • Fuel cell system solutions: (1) Marine applications, (2) Design and configuration, and (3) System integration

Subtask III: Safety and regulations

Sub goals:
  • Contribute to safety and risk management
  • Overview of regulations, codes and standards and upcoming regulations related to systems and emissions
  • Safety methods and models
  • Safety analysis in the engine room/storage
  • Risk management for design and operations

Subtask IV: Demonstration

Sub goals:
  • Support, provide input to, evaluate and link international demonstration projects
  • Generate an overview of existing projects
  • Create an international database
  • Link communities, experience and practice

Members of Task 39 include universities, research institutions and industry from the UK, Italy, France, Spain, Finland, Sweden and Norway. In addition, European Commission, International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) and Norwegian Maritime Authority are partners.
China, Japan and the Netherlands have expressed interest in joining.
Progress and Products:

NTNU hosted the first expert meeting on 13–14 February 2017 in Oslo, Norway. 40 participants from 15 countries and 29 institutions joined the meeting. TU Delft hosted the second meeting on 26–27 September 2017 in Delft the Netherlands. 42 participants from 11 countries and 31 institutions joined the meeting. During this meeting, white papers and conference papers were planned. The meeting ended with a tour in TU Delft labs.

View the Photo Gallery from the second meeting on 26–27 September 2017 in Delft the Netherlands
The following meetings are planned for 2018: INTA will host the first meeting on 6–7 March 2018 in Madrid, Spain. University of Trieste will host the second meeting in autumn 2018 in Trieste, Italy.

For more background on the topic, read Summary Report Integration of Hydrogen Technology Into Maritime Applications.

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