Activities Task 34

Biological Hydrogen for Energy and Environment

Operating Agents:  Prof. Jun Miyake and Prof. Alan Guwy
Term: 2014-2017
Task 34 – BioHydrogen for Energy and Environment is the successor to Task 21 – Biohydrogen and Task 21 bis – Bioinspired Hydrogen.
  • Key drivers for biohydrogen technology are not only the need for renewable energy demand, but also the need to treat waste and recover water as well as other valuable resources such as phosphate.
  • Biological conversion is often an efficient way of treating our wastes/biomass.  The conversion of waste to hydrogen rich gases will surely play a part in a hydrogen energy future.
  • Biohydrogen production from wastes and  low grade biomasses is important for the waste and agro-industry in a hydrogen energy future.
  • There are still significant challenges for the realization of biohydrogen production particularly at large scale.
Purpose and Objectives:
  • Develop biohydrogen technology as part of an exemplar approach wherein energy and resources can be produced and utilised in integrated sustainable systems.
  • Integration of biohydrogen processes
    • Dark BioH2-AD-BioCH4, dark BioH2-ED-MEC, dark BioH2-PhotoH2-MEC, Dark BioH2-BioCH4-SOFC, BioH2-BioCH4-Reform
Task 34 will focus on two main subtasks that reflect current and planned R&D activities worldwide.
Subtask 1: Basic Research on Biohydrogen Production
  • Subtask 1.1:  Biohydrogen production by dark fermentation and bioelectrolysis (Alan Guwy, UK  and Eric Trably, France)
    • Goal: Remove product inhibition to increase H2 yield
  •  Subtask 1.2:  Light-driven biohydrogen production (Peter Lindbald,  Sweden TBC)
  •  Subtask 1.3:  Enzymatic and bio-inspired molecular systems (Johannes Messinger, Sweden and Rudiger Schultz, Germany)
Subtask 2: Applied research on biohydrogen production
  • Subtask 2.1:    Development and integration of biohydrogen fermentation systems for enhanced energy production (Alan Guwy, UK & Anita Sellstedt Sweden)
  • Subtask 2.2:    Feasibility of biohydrogen energy systems (Pieternl Claasen, Netherlands & Ed van Niel Netherlands)
  • Subtask 2.3:    Biohydrogen’s role in future sustainable communities (Jun Miyake, Japan)
    • Goal: To identify and evaluate the potential of a biohydrogen systems at a community  level providing a sustainable route for clean energy and the recovery of water and nutrients.
Members: Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, Norway, Sweden, The Netherlands,  UK
Likely to join: Australia, Denmark, Switzerland and USA

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