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Activities Task 28

Large Scale Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure

Operating Agent: Marcel Weeda

Term:  May 2010 - May 2013


Development of hydrogen vehicles has come to a point where critical decision must be made to determine if large quantity of FCEV will become a substantial portion of the future automobile. The creation of such FCEV depends on improvement in vehicle efficiency and future integration of renewable energy into the infrastructure. Task 28 is dedicated to analyze and model the possible outcomes and scenarios of achieving a sustainable hydrogen economy.


  • Cost benefit analysis;
  • Targeted International cooperation
  • Improve understanding of infrastructure needed to deliver projected hydrogen demands by sharing latest information, experiences/insights and lessons learned
  • Develop a common state-of-the-art knowledge base on concepts and components for delivery of hydrogen
  • Improve understanding of available tools for modeling and analysis of hydrogen delivery infrastructure (rollout) using case studies; approach, assumptions...
  • Identify knowledge gaps regarding components and concepts for hydrogen delivery and delivery infrastructure deployment strategies


The research work of task 28 is divided into four subtasks:

Subtask A: Responsible for projecting FCEV fleet in 2030 and 2050 scenarios including

  • Combining with data from statistics to convert into real numbers: sales, cumulative fleet and stations
  • Combining with model describing volume distribution of fuel dispensed at stations to develop estimate of number of HRS and size distribution in time.

Subtask B: Responsible for assessing Hydrogen refueling station concept

  • Use quantitative methods to evaluate feasibility of fueling stations of different type and capacity.
  • Listing functional (technical) requirements for effective HRS system
  • Estimation of scalability and competitive cost

Subtask C: Responsible for analysis of H2 delivery pathways

The main task of subtask C is to evaluate various different costs associated with hydrogen distribution:

  • Pipelines (transmission and distribution)
  • Liquefier (capital and energy efficiency
  • Tube trailer (capacity and cost)
  • Station compressor cost
  • Liquid pump cost
  • Dispenser cost

Subtask D: Responsible for large storage of hydrogen in existing natural gas pipeline

  • Evaluating possibilities of storing large quantity of hydrogen generated through excessive electricity produced in the grid in existing natural gas pipeline and make hydrogen a storage medium for backup electricity and alternative fuel for automobiles.


Netherlands: ECN, Shell
USA: ANL and Proton OnSite (GM)
Japan: Tokyo Gas and Nissan
Denmark: Danish Gas Technology Centre and H2Logic
Australia: GreenCollar Climate Solutions / AAHE
France: GdF-SUEZ, TOTAL and Air Liquide
Germany: NOW 

Progress and Products:

Final Report Expert Group Task 28

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